How is a mortgage payment calculated?

Here is the formula for a monthly mortgage payment. It takes the principal (P), yearly interest rate (r), and length of the loan in months (m).

\rm Payment = P \times { \frac{r}{12} * (1 + \frac{r}{12}) ^ m \over (1 + \frac{r}{12}) ^ m - 1}

How much should my mortage payment be?

Determining your monthly mortgage payment involves several key factors. First, you need to establish the loan amount you wish to borrow from the lender, which usually reflects the home's purchase price minus any down payment. Next, you must consider the prevailing interest rates offered by lenders, as this rate will be applied to the loan amount to calculate the interest you'll be paying over time. Additionally, the loan term plays a crucial role; deciding whether to go for a 15, 20, or 30-year mortgage will impact your monthly payments. You'll also need to choose between a fixed-rate mortgage, with a consistent interest rate over the loan term, and an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM), which starts with a fixed rate for a specific period before adjusting periodically based on market conditions. Lastly, consider any other costs associated with homeownership, such as property taxes, homeowners insurance, and possibly private mortgage insurance (PMI) if your down payment is below 20%. For an accurate estimate, it's advisable to consult a mortgage lender who can factor in all these elements and provide you with precise figures tailored to your unique financial situation and the specific terms of the loan.